Combining scientific engineering and experienced craftsmanship
for high quality investment casting

What is investment casting?

Investment casting (ie. lost wax casting or precision casting) is used for producing complex-shaped components which require tighter tolerances, thinner walls and better surface finish that can be obtained through sand casting.

The distinguishing feature of investment casting is the way the mold is made. A pattern of the part is made with wax. The wax pattern is dipped into a fine ceramic slurry that contains colloidal silica and alumina. Dried and then heated in an oven, the wax melts out leaving behind a ceramic shell mold for casting.

The distinguishing feature of investment casting is the way the mold is made. A pattern of the part is made with wax. The wax pattern is dipped into a fine ceramic slurry that contains colloidal silica and alumina. Dried and then heated in an oven, the wax melts out leaving behind a ceramic shell mold for casting.

The investment casting method, also called the lost wax process, is used for precision casting applications, for example, aerospace components such as gas turbine blades.

Investment casting Process

1. Pattern creation

Wax patterns are typically injection molded into a metal die and are formed as one piece. Cores may be used to form internal features on the pattern. Several of these patterns may attached to a central wax gating system, to form a tree-like assembly. The gating system forms the channels through which the molten metal will flow to the mold cavity.

2. Mold creation

This “pattern tree” is dipped into a slurry of fine ceramic particles, coated with more coarse particles, and then dried to form a ceramic shell around both the patterns and gating system.

This process is repeated until the ceramic shell is thick enough to withstand the molten metal it will encounter. The shell is then heated in an oven, draining the molten wax and leaving a hollow ceramic shell that acts as a one-piece mold, hence the name “lost wax” casting.

3. Pouring

The mold is preheated in a furnace to approximately 1000°C and the molten metal is poured into the gating system of the mold, filling the mold cavity. Pouring is typically gravity fed, but other methods such as vacuum or pressure are sometimes used.

4. Cooling

After the mold has been filled, it is allowed to cool and solidify into the shape of the final investment casting parts. The cooling time allowed depends on the thickness of the part, the thickness of the mold, and the casting material used.

5. Casting removal

After the molten metal has cooled, the mold can be broken, and the casting removed. The ceramic mold is typically broken away using water jets (Several other methods exist). Once removed, the parts are separated from the gating system by either sawing or cold breaking (using liquid nitrogen).

6. Finishing

Finishing operations such as grinding, or sandblasting are used to smooth the part around the gates. Heat treatment may also be used to harden the final part.

Investment Casting Process Illustration_Metal Casting Services_offshore Manufacturing_OmnidexCastings
Investment Casting Process Illustration

Precision Casting investment casting parts

Lost Wax casting

Experienced casting specialist checking the shell drying process
Shell Drying Process
Investment casting shell in perfect condition
Investment Casting Shell
casting specialist supervising the wax injection process
Wax Injection Process
Omnidex engineers supervising the de-waxing process
De-Waxing Process
Omnidex vaccum sintering furnace machine in factory in china
Vacuum sintering furnace process
Investment-Casting-composition| Metal Casting Servives China Vietnam Manufacturer | omnidex-casting
Investment-Casting-composition-omnidex-casting

Precision Casting

Precision Casting

Combined strength of multiple foundries

We have been working with a number of highly experienced investment casting foundries to offer you more choice and flexibility. We offer different core types (such as waxless cores, soluble wax cores and urea wax cores) and specialized waxes (including low-temperature wax, medium temperature wax and low-temperature wax with polymer additives).

Die cast valve parts by experienced casting specialist
Die Cast valve parts

Full range of Investment Casting Finishing Services

Typical

Feasible

Materials

Alloy steel

Carbon steel

Stainless steel

Nickel

Copper

Aluminum

Cast Iron

Zinc

Titanium

Magnesium

Lead

Tin

Quantity

10-1000

1-1000000

Tolerance

±0.015 in

±0.015 in

Surface finish

±0.015 in

15-300 µin

Max. Wall Thickness

0.06-0.8 in

0.025-5.0 in

Part size

0.02ounce- 500 lb

0.02ounce- 500 lb.

Shapes

Thin-walled: complex

Solid: Cylindrical, cubic, complex

Flat

Thin-walled: Cylindrical

Thin-walled: Cubic

Advantages and Disadvantages of Investment Casting

Advantages

Disadvantages

Tolerence table

Investment Casting Tolerance Table_Metal Casting Services_OmnidexCastings

Materials

Given the fine tolerances delivered by the process capabilities of lost wax casting, the applications are effectively limitless. However, the aerospace, power generation, firearm, automotive, military, commercial, food service, gas and oil, and energy industries are prolific users of this process.

Investment Casted Scientific housing
Investment Casted Scientific housing
Investment Casted Valve Parts
Investment Casted Valve Parts
Investment Casted Valve Parts
Investment Casted Valve Parts

Combined strength of multiple foundries

Professional Casting Operation Orchestrated by Qualified Engineers

The Omnidex engineering team utilizes the latest technology to help design the best investment casting solution. Our experienced team supervises the entire production process in our sub-contractor’s facilities. We can typically achieve a tolerance of ± 0.005 in (Tighter tolerances can be achieved if necessary).

Combined Strength of Multiple Foundries

Omnidex have been working with a number of highly experienced investment casing foundries to offer more choice and flexibility. We offer different core types (such as waxless cores, soluble wax cores and urea wax cores) and specialized waxes (including low temperature wax, medium temperature wax and low temperature wax with polymer additives).

Full Range of Investment Casting Finishing Services

Omnidex also offer a wide range of post-casting services. These include machining (with CNC lathes or millers), material testing (including tensile, hardness and elongation testing and more), pressure testing (Typically hydrostatic testing for hollow parts) and polymer impregnation (mainly for aluminum investment casting).

We are always ready to help with your latest project.

Contact our Customer Service and let us know how we can help to catapult your next project to success.

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